OLPC stands for “One Laptop Per Child”.
The theory is, that if we give every child in the world a laptop that is connected to the Internet, and that that laptop is loaded with software to help that child learn, and the laptop is rugged…. that that can and likely could change the world in many positive ways.
Part of the theory is that the laptop will be a light source. The laptop is is also inexpensive. It is also rechargeable via an on board electric generator (something like that, really), so that no grid power system is needed.
How does all that sound? Some argue that the OLPC project has already change the laptop market… that the OLPC project has inspired the whole new class of laptops called “netbooks”.